“what” explore relationships between variables. Such questions require a quantitative approach. For example: “What” is the rate of influenza in my community? “What” is the relationship between selected demographic characteristics and a diagnosis of influenza?

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READ scenario and answer the 3 questions

 

Discussion: Selecting Research Methods

Health researchers not only systematically plan and implement health studies but also apply research findings to advance the health professions’ knowledge base and professional practice. The types of questions the researchers ask are what determine whether a quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-methods approach is most suitable for a particular research study.

Research questions that ask “what” explore relationships between variables. Such questions require a quantitative approach. For example: “What” is the rate of influenza in my community? “What” is the relationship between selected demographic characteristics and a diagnosis of influenza?

Questions that ask “why” or “how” require a qualitative approach. For example: “Why” might Latina women in a particular neighborhood be wary of accessing reproductive health services?

Studies that seek an answer to “what,” “why,” and “how” questions employ a mixed-method approach of both quantitative and qualitative methods.

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